The Durham Fire Department began in December 1872, with two, 20-foot ladders and a few volunteers. By 1876, 33 volunteers had been recruited, and within four years, a hook and ladder company and a bucket company were formed.
Two years after the closing of the North Carolina State League due to World War I, the Durham Bulls joined the newly formed Piedmont League on Oct. 31, 1919. The Durham Bulls played in the Piedmont League for 24 years.
On September 15, 1931, Duke opened the first major outpatient clinic in the region.
The Southern Conservatory of Music opened with 40 pupils in the fall of 1898 in a renovated Duke family home.
With the involvement of six hospitals in Durham and Raleigh, business leaders including George Watts Hill and Dr. W. C. Davison, first dean of Duke's School of Medicine, organized the Hospital Care Association.
Civil rights activist Ann Atwater and Ku Klux Klansman C. P. Ellis led two weeks of community meetings focusing on ways to facilitate school integration without violence.
Maplewood Cemetery was established in 1872 by the $1,500 purchase of a large, empty field to the west of the city limits, presently at the intersection of Kent Street and Duke University Road.