In July 1968 the Black Solidarity Committee for Community Improvement led a boycott of downtown Durham stores, which the committee resolved not to end until the city accepted a 15-page list of grievances and demands for change.
Pauli Murray was a civil rights and women’s rights activist, lawyer, educator, author and poet, and the first African-American woman to become an Episcopal priest.
George C. Wallace, a former segregationist governor of Alabama, ran as an independent candidate for president in 1968.
In 1974 Karen Bethea-Shields, then Karen Galloway, was among the first African-American women to graduate from Duke University School of Law.
Aaron McDuffie Moore’s service to his people and his community extended far beyond the role for which he is best known — as one of the founders of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company.
Elna Spaulding founded and presided over the organization Women-in-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, a biracial group that acted as a catalyst for cooperation between whites and blacks in Durham. Its first meeting was Sept. 4, 1968.
Although the historic Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education had declared "separate but equal" schools inherently unequal, each state was allowed to decide its own response.
Shortly after the United States Supreme Court's landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling, which determined that separate but equal schools were inherently unequal, African-American leaders began to push for school desegregation.
Soon after Duke University admitted its first black graduate students in 1961, a few students organized the Students for Liberal Action. Its concerns included academic freedom and racial integration, as well as what would become a galvanizing issue on campus: Duke's treatment of its largely black nonacademic employees.
White Rock Baptist Church was organized in 1866 in the home of Margaret Faucette. The church’s first dedicated building, constructed in the 1870s, was named “White Rock Baptist Church” because of the large white rock in the front yard. In 1896 a brick church was completed, its distinguishing Gothic Revival steeple rising above the housetops of Hayti.
After the Freedom Rides of 1961 led to integration of interstate buses and terminals, the Civil Rights Movement moved on to "Freedom Highways" in 1962.
In 1944 the North Carolina Central University basketball team and Duke University’s medical school team defied Jim Crow laws and the mores of the time to play an interracial game.